Location Kaliningrad (former Koenigsberg – ‘The King’s Hill’) is the westernmost point of Russia, separated from the main part of the country by Lithuania and Belorussia. We have no border with Russia but nevertheless we belong to it. Kaliningrad region borders on Lithuania in the east and Poland in the west. It’s in Europe and lies on the Baltic Sea. It is called Exclave, exclave of big Russia since the Baltic States: Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belorussia gained independence in 1991.

History Kaliningrad region is the youngest entity of the Russian Federation. It was founded on the territory of the former East Prussia, after World War II. By the terms of the Potsdam agreement, a part of German province (Koenigsberg) was handed over to the Soviet Union. The city of Koenigsberg was renamed Kaliningrad in 1946, and the new history for the old city began.

Culture Koenigsberg is known all over the world for its University named Albertina after its founder Duke Albrecht (it was in 1544). It became the center of attraction for men of science and culture from Germany, Poland and Lithuania. Outstanding citizens of Koenigsberg are the greatest philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1805) and the prominent German writer Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann (1776-1822).